The Causes of Teeth Sensitivity and How to Avoid It

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the causes of teeth sensitivity and how to avoid it

Teeth sensitivity is a common dental issue that causes discomfort or pain when your teeth come into contact with certain substances or temperatures. This can include hot drinks, cold foods, sweet treats, and even brushing.

More specifically this unpleasant sensation can arise when the protective layer of your teeth, called enamel, gets worn away, exposing the inner layer known as dentin. If you experience this problem, it’s essential to visit a dental clinic near you for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Common Causes of Teeth Sensitivity

1. Enamel Erosion

Enamel erosion occurs when the outer layer of your teeth wears down. This can occur due to acidic foods and drinks, such as soda, citrus fruits, and wine. Regular consumption of these items weakens the enamel, making your teeth more sensitive.

2. Gum Recession

Gum recession exposes the roots of your teeth, which are not covered by enamel. This exposure can lead to increased sensitivity. Gum recession can result from aggressive brushing, periodontal disease, or aging.

3. Tooth Decay

Cavities or tooth decay create holes in your enamel, exposing the dentin beneath. This exposure can cause significant sensitivity, especially when consuming sugary or acidic foods.

4. Cracked Teeth

Cracks in your teeth are the major cause of tooth sensitivity. It can expose the inner layers, leading to sensitivity. Cracked teeth can occur due to injury, grinding, or biting down on hard objects.

5. Dental Treatments

Recent dental work like fillings, crowns, or teeth whitening can cause temporary sensitivity. This sensitivity usually goes away after a few days or weeks.

6. Brushing Habits

Brushing your teeth too hard or using a toothbrush with hard bristles can wear down enamel and cause gum recession. Both of these issues can increase tooth sensitivity.

7. Teeth Grinding

Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, can wear down enamel over time. This habit often occurs during sleep and can lead to increased tooth sensitivity.

How to Prevent Teeth Sensitivity

1. Use a Soft-Bristled Toothbrush

A soft-bristled toothbrush can help prevent enamel erosion and gum recession. Gentle brushing techniques also reduce the risk of damage to your teeth and gums.

2. Use Desensitizing Toothpaste

Desensitizing toothpaste can help block the feeling from reaching the nerve in your tooth. These toothpastes have compounds that protect the dentin and reduce sensitivity.

3. Avoid Acidic Foods and Drinks

Limit your consumption of acidic foods and beverages. When you do consume them, rinse your mouth with water afterward to reduce acid exposure.

4. Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

Brush your teeth twice a day and floss every day to remove plaque and prevent cavities and gum disease. Use fluoride toothpaste to make your enamel stronger.

5. Wear a Mouthguard

If you grind your teeth at night, consider wearing a mouthguard. This device can protect your teeth from the damage caused by grinding.

6. Visit Your Dentist Regularly

Regular dental check-ups can help identify early signs of sensitivity and address them before they become severe. Your dentist can recommend getting fluoride, a filling, or other treatments and provide advice on how to care for your teeth.

Food Consumption Tips to Avoid Sensitivity

Foods to Avoid Alternatives
Citrus Fruits Apples, pears
Soda Water, herbal tea
Candy Nuts, fresh fruit
Ice Cream Yogurt, room temperature desserts
Coffee and Tea Herbal tea, warm beverages

When to See a Dentist?

Teeth sensitivity can often be managed at home with proper care. However, you should see a dentist if you experience the following symptoms of sensitive teeth:

  • Sensitivity persists: If sensitivity lasts more than a few weeks, consult your dentist.
  • Severe pain: If you experience severe or sharp pain, see a dentist immediately.
  • Signs of decay or damage: If you notice cavities, cracks, or chips, seek dental care.
  • Gum problems: If you have swollen, bleeding, or receding gums, see your dentist.

In conclusion, teeth sensitivity can be managed and even prevented with the right care. Follow these tips to protect your teeth and enjoy a pain-free life.

Say Goodbye to Sensitivity with Lilac Family Dentistry!

At our local dental practice, we understand the discomfort of sensitive teeth. Our experienced team of North York dentists provides personalized care to address your dental needs. We offer a range of treatments to reduce sensitivity and improve your oral health. Visit us for a comprehensive dental checkup and let us help you achieve a pain-free smile.